Immune Vaccinations

Infectious Disease Prevention

Controlling communicable diseases is perhaps the oldest and most fundamental public health responsibility. Horizon Public Health is committed to protecting the health of the citizens of Douglas, Grant, Pope, Stevens, and Traverse Counties through our Infectious Disease Prevention programs. We work closely with the Minnesota Department of Health as well as our local health care providers to provide surveillance as well as disease prevention and control activities to promote a healthy community.

Summertime Bugs


Mosquitoes-There are a variety of diseases that may be spread by mosquitoes. The number of mosquitoes that are actually capable of causing infection in humans is relatively small, but it is always advisable to take preventive measures to protect yourself. For more information:


Ticks- A variety of diseases may be spread by ticks in Minnesota. The majority of tick-transmitted diseases result from the bite of an infected blacklegged tick (also known as the deer tick). Preventing exposure to blacklegged ticks requires diligence. We are in a low to moderate area for ticks in Minnesota. For more information:




Hand Washing is the single most important means of preventing the spread of infection.
Hands are the most exposed part of the body to germs. Touching the eyes, mouth, nose or food transfers the germs into the body.

For printable hand hygiene materials:

Cover Your Cough - Stop the spread of germs that make you and others sick!
Why should I cover my cough?

  • Serious respiratory illnesses like influenza, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), whooping cough and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) are spread by:
    • Coughing or sneezing
    • Unclean hands
  • These illnesses spread easily in crowded places where people are in close contact.

How do I stop the spread of germs if I am sick?

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue every time you cough or sneeze. Throw the used tissue in a waste basket.
  • If you don't have a tissue, sneeze or cough into your sleeve.
  • After coughing or sneezing, always clean your hands with soap & water or an alcohol-based hand cleaner.
  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Do not share eating utensils, drinking glasses, towels or other personal items.


  • Who or When
    People of all ages can be protected from disease by vaccination, vaccinations are one of the best weapons we have against a number of serious diseases. For information on schedules:

  • Free or low cost shots
    The Minnesota Vaccines for Children Program (MnVFC) offers free or low cost shots for children 18 years of age and younger. Please visit the MDH website at: Some adults are also are eligible for free or low costs shots. Please call ahead for more information.

  • MIIC (Minnesota Immunization Information Connection)
    MIIC is a statewide immunization information system that stores electronic immunization records for Minnesota health service providers and for the public. MIIC combines immunizations a person has received into a single record, even if the shots were given by different health care providers in the state. MIIC helps make sure Minnesotans get the right vaccines at the right time. The Web-based application is available to participating health care providers, public health agencies, schools, and child care centers in Minnesota to look up immunization histories and view recommended vaccinations. MIIC also offers parents and individuals an easy way to keep track of immunization records for school, child care, and employment


Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious disease caused by a bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one person to another and usually affects the lungs. TB can however attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine and brain. TB is spread when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks or sings and someone in close contact breathes in the bacteria.

To learn more about TB:

Sexually Transmitted Disease

Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, also referred to as sexually transmitted infections or STIs, do not refer to any one disease but include more than 25 infectious organisms that are transmitted through sexual activity and the dozens of clinical syndromes that they cause. For more information:

Perinatal Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) can be passed from an infected woman to her child during birth. Without proper treatment and follow up, approximately 40 percent of infants born to HBV-positive women will develop chronic HBV infection. Perinatal transmission of HBV can be prevented. The best way to prevent perinatal hepatitis B is for babies to be vaccinated at birth. Protect your baby and others in your family from hepatitis B.

  • Have a blood test yourself.
  • If you are infected, tell your hospital and baby’s doctor.
  • See that your baby gets his or her shots, on time.
  • See that other family members are protected by the hepatitis B vaccine.
  • Take steps to keep the disease from spreading.

Talk with your doctor if you have other questions about hepatitis B. If you have questions about the shots, call the Perinatal Hepatitis B program, 800-657-3970 or 800-657-3970. Visit the Minnesota Department of Health web site at:

Day Care Center Consultation

Horizon Public Health offers Child Care Health Consultant services to Licensed Day Care Centers in Douglas, Grant, Pope, Stevens, and Traverse Counties. In the state of Minnesota, a child care health consultant (CCHC) is a licensed health professional (RN, PHN, MD) with education and experience in child and public health, early childhood education and preferably specialized training in child care health consultation.

What does a Child Care Health Consultant do?
The role of the CCHC is to promote the health and development of children, families and staff and to ensure a healthy and safe child care environment. This can be accomplished through consultation, training, resource information, referral, and technical assistance provided to early childhood educators in center–based and family child care settings. Some examples of CCHC activities include:

  • Consulting on–site or by telephone or email on child health and safety matters
  • Reviewing and/or helping with the development of health and safety policies and procedures
  • Conducting a comprehensive health and safety assessment of the indoor and outdoor environments; identifying and implementing health and safety improvement plans.
  • Providing community resource information and referral for health, mental health, oral health and social needs including medical homes, health insurance, and services for children with special health needs.
  • Helping to manage the care of children with developmental concerns, social–emotional concerns and those with special health care needs.
  • Providing training to child care providers, families, and children on topics such as child health and development, nutrition and physical activity, injury prevention, management of illness, medication administration, prevention and control of infectious diseases, oral health, mental health and environmental health.
  • Assuring compliance with national health and safety standards.
  • Interpreting standards or regulations and providing technical assistance for health and safety matters.